Thailand has hosted refugees from Burma/Myanmar for more than three decades. The current nine main camps that are home to around 86,000 people are a result of consolidations over the years of many smaller settlements along the 2,400-kilometre border line.
There are also roughly 150,000 Burmese refugees living at 9 official camps on the Thai-Burmese border. The largest such camp is Mae La refugee camp. In 2014, the Thai government announced plans to repatriate Burmese refugees who have been living in border camps for the past 2 decades.
Refugees from Myanmar are housed in camps in Thailand or urban settlements in Malaysia. Refugee camps in Thailand are located along Thailand’s border with Myanmar, while refugees in Malaysia reside mostly in Kuala Lumpur (Figure 2).
Here are the ten countries that have received the most refugees in relation to their population during the period 2010–2019. Turkey – 5.1 per cent. Liberia – 4.6 per cent. Uganda – 3.8 per cent. Nauru – 3.2 per cent* Malta – 2.7 per cent. Djibouti – 2.7 per cent. Sweden – 2.7 per cent. Sudan – 2.5 per cent.
Today there are some 97,000 refugees in Thailand . Most refugees (91,803 as of December 2020, under reverification) are ethnic minorities from Myanmar, mainly Karen and Karenni, who live in nine camps in four provinces along the Thai -Myanmar border. There are also approximately 5,000 refugees and asylum-seekers of some
Both countries share a border on the Indo Chinese peninsula, in the heart of Southeast Asia. The land of both Myanmar and Thailand slopes from the north to the south.
Since 1984, Thailand has provided refuge to people fleeing violence in Myanmar, and more recently to economic migrants . Since the 1940’s, ongoing violent conflicts between Karen separatists and the Burmese army have forced many families to move.
The Karen are an ethnic group from Burma (Myanmar), many of whom fled Burma due to religious and ethnic persecution by the government. 140,000 refugees from Burma, mostly Karen, are living in refugee camps in Thailand, some for as many as 20 years.
Myanmar (English pronunciation below; Burmese: မြန်မာ [mjəmà]) or Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia.
Many people have left because of the conflict between the Myanmar army and ethnic armed groups. This started after Burma became independent in 1948. About 32% of its population are from ethnic minorities. Most of its people are Buddhist (around 87.9%).
The civil war in Somalia greatly increased the size of the Somali diaspora, as many Somalis moved from Greater Somalia primarily to the Arabian peninsula, Europe, North America, Southern Africa and Australia. There are also small Somali populations in other pockets of Europe and Asia.
Why did they flee their homes? The exodus began on 25 August 2017 after Rohingya Arsa militants launched deadly attacks on more than 30 police posts. Rohingyas arriving in Bangladesh said they fled after troops, backed by local Buddhist mobs, responded by burning their villages and attacking and killing civilians.
Due to crowding and lack of infrastructure, refugee camps are often unhygienic, leading to a high incidence of infectious diseases and epidemics. Sick or injured refugees rely on free health care provided by aid agencies in camps , and may not have access to health services outside of a camp setting.
Kakuma refugee camp , in northwestern Kenya, is the largest refugee camp in the world. Established in 1992, the camp is jointly managed by the Kenyan Department of Refugee Affairs and UNHCR.
A global survey released in 2016 ranked Sweden as the best country to be an economic immigrant. Countries That Accept the Most Migrants. Sweden. The Netherlands. Italy. Australia. France. Canada . Spain.