Dengue is endemic in Thailand and risk is present in both urban and rural areas, with elevated risk in northeastern part of the country. Peak transmission typically occurs during the rainy season, from April to December.
However, base on previous researches, the risk to develop dengue infection (symptomatic) among travelers is considered to be around 1% per month . The majority of cases (more than 90%) will be mild, only small percentage of cases will develop severe disease [2,3,4]. Fatal dengue cases among travelers are rare.
The five countries reporting most cases are: Brazil (1 378 592 cases), Paraguay (221 000), Mexico (99 632), Bolivia (83 552) and Colombia (73 357). All four dengue virus serotypes (DENV 1, DENV 2, DENV 3, and DENV 4) are currently circulating in the Region of the Americas , which increases the risk of severe cases.
The PPHO last year reported that from Jan 1, 2019 to May 2, 2019 Phuket recorded 144 cases of dengue fever and no deaths – a morbidity rate of 35.76 per 100,000 based on the official registered population of 402,707 at the time. In 2018, Phuket had the highest infection rate in the country.
Symptoms of dengue typically last 2– 7 days . Most people will recover after about a week.
Warning Signs* Abdominal pain or tenderness. Persistent vomiting . Clinical fluid accumulation. Mucosal bleed. Lethargy or restlessness. Liver enlargement > 2 cm. Laboratory finding of increasing HCT concurrent with rapid decrease in platelet count.
Anyone who lives in or travels to an area with risk of dengue is at risk for infection . Before you travel, find country-specific travel information to help you plan and pack. Forty percent of the world’s population, approximately 3 billion people, live in areas with risk of dengue .
Prevention tips: Since the virus is transmitted mosquito-to-human, prevention entails both controlling and eradicating mosquitoes and taking action to protect oneself from being bitten. It’s important to empty standing water from places mosquitoes breed such as discarded old tires, trash cans and flower pots.
Dengue fever cannot spread directly from person to person, but a person suffering from dengue fever can infect mosquitoes. A mosquito becomes infected when it takes a blood meal from a dengue -infected person, and dengue spreads when the mosquito later transmits the virus to other people they bite.
Diet tips for dengue for fast recovery Foods to eat. Papaya leaf juice. Papaya leaf juice is a quite famous remedy for dengue fever. Vegetable juices. Vegetables are rich in essential nutrients. Coconut water. It is recommended to drink coconut water in dengue to avoid dehydration. Herbal tea. Neem leaves. Foods to avoid.
Some of the common symptoms of viral dengue fever include high fever , headache, body aches, weakness, joint pain, loss of appetite, cold and cough, nausea, vomiting and skin rashes and nose bleeding. Most patients suffering from dengue fever recover within two weeks.
A vaccine to prevent dengue (Dengvaxia®) is licensed and available in some countries for people ages 9-45 years old. The World Health Organization recommends that the vaccine only be given to persons with confirmed prior dengue virus infection.
India has confirmed Dengue cases with cases reported from across the country. Dengue is endemic in India . Transmission occurs year-round in southern areas and from April through November in northern states.