Rice is the major crop grown and Thailand is the world’s biggest rice exporter. Other crops grown in the country include: rubber, sugarcane , cassava , fruit, cashew nuts, corn, tobacco, cotton, cocoa, peanuts, soybeans, medical plants, dairy, and fishery products.
Agriculture in Thailand is highly competitive, diversified and specialized and its exports are very successful internationally. Rice is the country’s most important crop, with some 60 percent of Thailand’s 13 million farmers growing it on fully half of Thailand’s cultivated land.
The average farm – size is only 4 hectares per household and having 16.2 million labor forces involved in agriculture activities. In an individual household, the level of cash income is as low as 0.24 million Baht per year – about 60% come from farm income.
Agriculture , forestry , and fishing. Rice is not only the main staple crop of the country but also the primary agricultural export.
Searchable List of Thailand’s Most Valuable Export Products
|Rank||Thai Export Product||2019 Value (US$)|
|1||Computers, optical readers||$11,871,742,000|
The main Thai industries are electronics, steel and automotive. Thailand is an assembly hub for international car brands. Electrical components and appliances, computers, cement production , furniture and plastic products are also important sectors.
Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power. It is known for its beautiful nature, delicious mangoes and strict rules about conversations on its monarchy.
A Collection of Great Thai Fruits to Try in Bangkok Mango (Ma-Muang) Mangosteen (Mang-Kut) Rambutan (NgoR) Durian ( Tu-Rian ) Pineapple (Sapparod) Papaya (Ma-La-Kaw) Dragonfruit (Gao Mung Gorn) Guava (Farang)
Appendix 2 Under-utilized vegetables in thailand
|Some indigenous/under-utilized vegetables in Thailand|
|English Name||Scientific Name||Thai Name|
|Smooth luffa||Luffa cylindrica Roem||Buap hom|
|Bird bitter gourd||Momordica charantia L.||Mara khinok|
|Spiny gourd||Momordica cocbincbinensis Spreng||Fak khaao|
Almost 40% of Thailand’s land is classified as agricultural. Forty-two percent of the working population is engaged in agriculture, and the country is one of the world’s largest exporters of rice.
The existing optimal highland agricultural land use pattern is field crops such as upland rice, maize ( field corn ), peanuts (groundnut), and kidney beans, for which the soil fertility is at the medium level.
In Thailand , a new and young generation of farmers has set itself the goal to transform agriculture into an innovative and profitable industry by deploying new cost-saving technologies and improve the management of farms .
This is because the Thai people consider the foot to be the dirtiest and lowliest part of the body, and the head the most respected and highest part of the body. This also influences how Thais sit when on the ground—their feet always pointing away from others, tucked to the side or behind them.
E-commerce, medical services and engineering have the highest – paying jobs across all career levels in Thailand , according to a report by employment portal JobsDB. While medical services and engineering were well- paying fields, e-commerce was found to be the only industry that ranked high at all career levels.
Thailand , Southeast Asia’s second- largest economy, has grown in the past generation or two from an undeveloped country to what the World Bank calls a “middle- income ” country. Its three main economic sectors are agriculture, manufacturing, and services.