Thailand , officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country in Southeast Asia.
The Thai are related linguistically to groups originating in southern China. Migrations from southern China to Southeast Asia may have occurred in the 6th and 7th centuries. Malay, Mon, and Khmer civilizations flourished in the region prior to the arrival of the ethnic Thai .
Thailand was never colonized by Europeans. Thailand remains the only country in Southeast Asia not colonized by Europeans. All of its neighbors were controlled by either the British or the French. Burma and Malaysia being British colonies, and Laos and Cambodia being French ones.
From the start of the Pacific war, the Imperial Japan was eager to invade British colonized Malaya and Burma. It was because of their “clever” that Japanese requested it prior to directly invading them. The British didn’t invade Thailand because they were clever to co-operate with them.
Between 2015 and 2018, the poverty rate in Thailand increased from 7.2 percent to 9.8 percent, and the absolute number of people living in poverty rose from 4.85 million to more than 6.7 million. The increase in poverty in 2018 was widespread – occurring in all regions and in 61 out of 77 provinces.
The country faces problems with air, declining wildlife populations, deforestation, soil erosion, water scarcity, and waste issues. According to a 2004 indicator, the cost of air and water pollution for the country scales up to approximately 1.6–2.6% of GDP per year.
Thai Chinese are the largest minority group in the country and the largest overseas Chinese community in the world with a population of approximately 10 million people , accounting for 11–14% of the total population of the country as of 2012. c. 10 million.
It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family, and one of over 60 languages of Thailand . Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language, similar to Chinese and Vietnamese.
The name Siam came from a Sanskrit word, syam. A forceful nationalist and moderniser, he changed the country’s name to Thailand . The change was part of Phibun’s determination to bring his people into the modern world and at the same time to emphasise their unique identity.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, only Thailand survived European colonial threat in Southeast Asia due to centralising reforms enacted by King Chulalongkorn and because the French and the British decided it would be a neutral territory to avoid conflicts between their colonies.
Rodgers and Hammerstein’s The King and I first premiered on March 29th, 1951, at Broadway’s St. James Theatre. The source material for the stage musical, Anna and the King of Siam (1944 novel), was itself based on the real Anna’s highly fictionalized account of her six years at the Court of King Mongkut.
Thailand is now home to over 55,000 British expats!
The King and I was banned in Thailand , and remains banned , due to its representation of King Mongkut of Siam; as is the case with most other adaptations of Anna and the King .
On January 25, 1942, Thailand , a Japanese puppet state, declares war on the Allies. When war broke out in Europe in September 1939, Thailand declared its neutrality, much to the distress of France and England.
After becoming an ally of the Empire of Japan , Thailand retained control of its armed forces and internal affairs. The Japanese policy on Thailand differed from their relationship with the puppet state of Manchukuo. The movement was active from 1942, resisting the Phibun regime and the Japanese .