Following a bloodless revolution in 1932, Siam became a constitutional monarchy and changed its official name to “Thailand”. Thailand.
|Kingdom of Thailand ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai) Ratcha-anachak Thai|
|• Ayutthaya Kingdom||1351–1767|
|• Thonburi Kingdom||1768–1782|
|• Rattanakosin Kingdom||6 April 1782|
|• Constitutional monarchy||24 June 1932|
Sukhothai Period (1238–1438): In 1238 a Tai chieftain, Sri Intraditya, declared his independence from Khmer overlords and established a kingdom at Sukhothai in the Chao Phraya Valley in central Thailand.
Thais date the founding of their nation to the 13th century. According to tradition, in 1238, Thai chieftains overthrew their Khmer overlords at Sukhothai and established a Thai kingdom. After its decline, a new Thai kingdom emerged in 1350 on the Chao Praya River.
It gained independence in 1238 and quickly expanded its boundary of influence.
The name Siam came from a Sanskrit word, syam. A forceful nationalist and moderniser, he changed the country’s name to Thailand . The change was part of Phibun’s determination to bring his people into the modern world and at the same time to emphasise their unique identity.
The Japanese intention was to use Thailand and Indochina as their military base to invade Burma and Malaya in the future. The Thais were forced to accept only a quarter of the territory that they had lost to the French, in addition to having to pay six million piastres as a concession to the French.
Thai Chinese (also known as Chinese Thais , Sino- Thais or Thais of Chinese origin) are an ethnic Chinese community in Thailand . Slightly more than half of the ethnic Chinese population in Thailand trace their ancestry to Eastern Guangdong Province.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, only Thailand survived European colonial threat in Southeast Asia due to centralising reforms enacted by King Chulalongkorn and because the French and the British decided it would be a neutral territory to avoid conflicts between their colonies.
Early Empires Starting around the 10th century, the ‘ Tai’ people , considered to be the ancestors of the contemporary Thais, began migrating from southern China into present-day Southeast Asia. These immigrants spoke Tai -Kadai, said to be the most significant ethno-linguistic group in Southeast Asia.
Rodgers and Hammerstein’s The King and I first premiered on March 29th, 1951, at Broadway’s St. James Theatre. The source material for the stage musical, Anna and the King of Siam (1944 novel), was itself based on the real Anna’s highly fictionalized account of her six years at the Court of King Mongkut.
Distance from China to Thailand is 2,238 kilometers. The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between China and Thailand is 2,238 km= 1,391 miles. If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) from China to Thailand , It takes 2.48 hours to arrive.
Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power. It is known for its beautiful nature, delicious mangoes and strict rules about conversations on its monarchy.
Formerly known as Siam, the Kingdom of Thailand was never a European colony , although it was sometimes under Chinese or Japanese influence. 5. Throughout the 19th century, both the French and the British tried to exert their influence over Thailand , ultimately unsuccessfully overall.
After the Japanese invasion of French Indochina in September 1940, the French were forced to allow Japan to set up military bases. Franco- Thai War.
|Date||October 1940 – January 28, 1941|
|Territorial changes||On Japanese decision, disputed territories in French Indochina ceded by France to Thailand|
The Japanese wanted to invade Thailand because it was a strategically important location in Asia to have control of. Thailand provided a passage to Malaya (now Malaysia) and Burma (now Myanmar). The Japanese wanted to rid these two countries from Western involvement as the Japanese feared they were being contaminated.